For those of us who participated in the protests against the FTAA, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, in Miami the third week in November, it?s a bit hard to feel victorious. We are bruised, battered, worried about companeros still in jail, and grieving for the Jordan Feder, a young medic who died of meningitis after the action. We?ve been harassed, arrested, tear gassed, pepper sprayed, hit, beaten, assaulted, lied about, and in some cases literally tortured and sexually assaulted in jail, and we?ve stared directly into the naked red gaze of the New American Fascism.
Nevertheless we have had a significant victory that we need to understand and recognize, not least because it throws us into a new and very dangerous phase of activism.
Our victory was not tactical. None of our own attempts to physically enter or disrupt the conference were very effective. I?ve heard rumors that one group did actually take down a section of fence, but most of us
just managed to march up to it and maintain a presence close to it for short periods of time before being driven back by police riots. And while I could list numerous missed opportunities and tactical errors we
made, I can?t honestly think of anything much we could have done, given the overwhelming police presence and the physical layout of Miami, that would have made for a significantly different tactical outcome.
We were Iraqued?that is, we were attacked not for anything we?d done but for someone?s inflated fears of what we might do; shot, gassed, beaten
and arrested for weapons of destruction we did not have; targeted for who we are and what we stand for, not for acts we had committed. The 8.5 million dollars that was allocated for the policing of this event
came out of the 87 billion dollar appropriations bill for Iraq. Miami was the Bush policy of pre-emptive bullying brought home.
There is a certain visceral sense of satisfaction in breaching a barricade and directly blocking a meeting, but those are not actually the measures we should use to judge our success. The direct action
strategy in contesting the summits is not really about physically disrupting them. It?s about undermining their legitimacy, unmasking them, making visible their inherent violence and the repression
necessary to support them and undercutting public belief in their beneficence or right to exist. And there, we are winning, not because of any tactical brilliance on our part, but because in truth all we had to do was show up, to be there as a visible body of opposition and
withstand the onslaught.
Our most effective direct actions may have been those we did in the days and weeks before the meetings: the outreach, the community gardening, the door-to-door flyering downtown, conducted under the constant threat
of arrest by a police force acting like Nazi bully boys, arresting protestors for walking on the street, standing on the sidewalk, talking to people or witnessing other arrests. In spite of the major fear campaign and the negative propaganda being put forth by the police and
the media, just about every interaction we had with ordinary Miami folks was positive. Locals were told by police that dangerous anarchists would burn their shops, would shoot them with squirt guns full of urine and feces, would smash their windows, and destroy Miami if not contained.
Nevertheless, local people were scared, but interested in what we had to say. The poor and immigrant populations of downtown Miami understand
the issues of underlying economic injustice. They could quickly grasp what the FTAA might mean for their jobs. They told us stories of water privatization in their home countries, of 16 hour a day workshifts on
cruise ships that unions couldn?t organize because they are registered in other countries, of their daily struggle to survive on the streets,
of the ongoing police brutality faced by the homeless and the poor.
When we were driven back into Overtown, Miami?s black ghetto, people smiled and waved, came forward to help us, offered places for hunted
activists to hide, sheltered our puppets in their back yards. Other local people came forward to offer housing and shelter, to donate food,
plants, and time to the mobilization, to hold vigils at the jail and to
provide support after most of the action had left town. It was as if the bulk of the population pressed the ?mute? button on the soundtrack spewed by the media and the police, noticed what their own eyes were
telling them, and knew who their true allies were.
That disconnect, that gap between the reality the power structure was attempting to construct and the actual reality of ordinary people, is the fertile political space we need to nurture and explore in order to move forward. For it leaves the bullies building a more and more
elaborate fortress of control that is unsupported by any foundation of
credibility or legitimacy. Where there should be the concrete of credence and the rebar of faith, there is only air: and such a structure is bound to fall. In its fall, it may well take a lot of us with it, and therein lies both the danger and the opportunity of this political
Miami was a clear example of the New American Fascism brought home. I don?t use the word ?fascism? lightly. I use it to mean that combination of brutal state power applied ruthlessly against its critics, backed by
surveillance, media distortions, hate propaganda, and lies, allied politically and economically with those who profit from the industries of weaponry, prisons, and war..
In “The Lord of the Rings”, the evil Sauron is represented by a red,
glaring, all-seeing eye. To be in Miami in November was to suffer that searing, hostile gaze. The red eye of fascism is a double-barreled
gaze: the eye that watches, that records, that holds you under surveillance and videos your comings and goings and compiles the records: and the media/propaganda eye, that frames the story, that
defines and distorts you and tells everyone just what the justification is for your repression.
For true totalitarian control, misrepresenting facts, telling a false story, is not enough. Total control requires control over the frame of the story, the meaning of the language you use, the boundaries of what it is possible to think about. So “Violence” becomes a word whose meaning changes radically when it is applied to protestors as opposed to
agents of the state. ?Violence? is simply not applied to police by the
media or the political powers that be. The use of sound bombs, pepper
spray, rubber, wooden and plastic bullets, wooden batons, bean bag
pellets, and tear gas, illegal arrests, beatings, deprivation of basic
human rights, medical care, food and water, overt torture and sexual
assault are properly characterized by the word, “restraint,” as in “the
police acted with restraint.”
Friends of mine who were watching the news on the days of action all reported a similar experience. They saw police move in on a crowd of peaceful protestors, swinging billy clubs and firing tear gas and rubber
bullets. What they heard was commentary suggesting that protestors
?violent?, and that therefore the police were justified in whatever
measures they chose.
Applied to activists, ?violence? means, ?any act of opposition to total military and police control, any act of resistance from walking in the wrong place to talking to the wrong people to allying with other
suspects.” Above all, any attempts to remove oneself from the
all-seeing gaze, to mask oneself, to carve out any space free of that
hostile red arc light, are evidence of violence.
Totalitarian control is deeply racist, sexist and homophobic, for it depends on division and separation. Police attempted to divide the
unions from the direct action folk, by pushing the action into the area
where the permitted labor march was scheduled to go, attacking the
there, attacking union members and punishing them for associating with
?potentially dangerous? others.
Activists of color were singled out for special abuse by the police and prison guards, subjected to brutal beatings and outright torture in
jail, in spite of solidarity efforts by other activists. Sexual assaults were carried out on women and transgendered prisoners. Queer
were harassed and mistreated.
The greatest victory we achieved in Miami is that these strategies of division did not work. Instead of dividing labor and direct action,
repressive police tactics angered the unions who are now calling for a
congressional investigation. Our solidarity with labor remains strong,
as does our commitment to stand together and support each other
the aftermath of the brutal attacks against our fellow activists, and to
name and unmask the racism, sexism and homophobia we encountered.
The overwhelming military force and brutality of the police was a
measure of the utter bankruptcy of the policies they were defending.
Neoliberal economics, the ?Washington consensus? behind the various
trade agreements and institutions, is not hard to delegitimize because
it doesn?t work. It promises increased prosperity for all if we allow
corporations free reign over the globe, privatize all public resources,
and end government support for any arenas of human activity that
actually increase health or well being or quality of life. Somehow the
poor are supposed to benefit from this. But this promise has
overwhelmingly proved false. Countries that implement these policies have lost economic ground or gone belly-up, like Argentina. The gap
between rich and poor has grown into a vast chasm. NAFTA has been
devastating to the US economy, costing us over 785.000 good
manufacturing jobs, allowing corporations to sue governments for loss of
their projected profits if governments pass inconvenient environmental or labor regulations. The developing countries have not been able to use the WTO or any of these trade agreements as platforms to reduce tariffs
for their products or persuade the US and EU to reduce the agricultural subsidies that have devastated small farmers around the world?hence
walkout in Cancun of countries from the global south.
No one was defending the FTAA with any passion. In fact, brute force seemed to be the major argument in its favor. And the FTAA summit
ended in a glossed-over failure. To prevent its utter collapse, the conveners referred all controversial issues back to committee, ended a
day early, and pulled back from the original vision of an overarching
agreement to a truncated ?FTAA-Lite??which even in its watered-down
has little chance of being adopted.
Their failure was a result of the years of organizing, education, truth telling, and direct action we?ve done in the north to create and foster
that gap of belief, and perhaps even more, a result of the absolute
social disruption that the policies of the neoliberalism have spawned in
the global south, where governments have already fallen and ministers
know their populations will not tolerate more of the same.
We in the north are left confronting an alliance between economic powers desperate to retain their advantage in a sinking economy, the
most powerful military/police force ever amassed on the planet, and a
subservient media willing to tell whatever story the rulers command.
But the more ruthless and brutal the system becomes, the wider and
deeper that gap of legitimacy may become.
Our political success and personal survival may depend on our ability to
understand and deepen that disconnect between eyes and ears, direct
experience and propaganda. At what point does it set in? When do
start to believe their own eyes, to question the authority of the
commentators? How do we prevent the power structure from consolidating
a new foundation of belief? How far does that gap extend? How do we
widen and deepen the gap, and how do we mobilize and empower those
have ceased to believe to take action? And as the fortress of control
begins to crumble over our heads, where do we find shelter from the
falling debris, and what new structures will we build in its place?
If we can build on the successes of Miami: the solidarity, the deepened alliances, the trust, if we can turn those alliances into real political
power, we will have a strong victory. If the combined forces of the
progressive movements and the unions and the NGOs can succeed in
the political and police powers of Miami pay a political and social
cost, we can stem the tide of repression.
There were actions we took in Miami that undoubtedly contributed to the
support we received: we waged a proactive media campaign, we planted
community garden in Overtown and gave away dozens of trees, above all,
we went out and talked to people on the street. In the worst moments of
police assault, there were always those who moved forward to put their
bodies on the front line and slow the assault of the storm troopers.
People helped and supported and strengthened each other, and the
of the violence we experienced was tempered by the sweetness of
and the inspiration of acts of courage.
We can go further in making our actions and organizing welcoming and
friendly, can perhaps devote more of our efforts to outreach and
connection instead of obsessing on our tactics, can confront our own
vestigial racism, sexism, homophobia and the other prejudices that can divide us, and we can frame our actions and organizing with a clear
strategic goal: to broaden and deepen that gap of belief, to make strong
alliances with the disaffected and to mobilize the political power of
dissent, to unmask the violence, repression, and sheer ugliness of the
structures of control, to counter them with the beauty and joy of our
visions brought to life. Then we can stare back into that red,
totalitarian eye and pierce it with a white-hot gaze of truth, a spear
in the eye of the Cyclops. And we will have the support and strength we
need to withstand the monster?s crash, and to begin the process of
building the world that we want.
Starhawk?s daily reports from Miami are achived at:
Starhawk is an activist, organizer, and author of Webs of Power: Notes
from the Global Uprising and eight other books on feminism, politics and
earth-based spirituality. She teaches Earth Activist Trainings that
combine permaculture design and activist skills, and works with the
trainer?s collective, www.rantcollective.org that offers training and
support for mobilizations around global justice and peace issues. To
get her periodic posts of her writings, email
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Original Link: http://sandiego.indymedia.org/en/2003/12/102228.shtm